On July 23, 1829, William Austin Burt received a patent for his “typographer,” a forerunner of the typewriter.
In 1952, in Egypt, the Society of Free Officers seizes control of the government in a military coup d’etat staged by Colonel Gamal Abdal Nasser’s Free Officers.
In 1958, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II named the first four women to peerage in the House of Lords.
In 1982, Vic Morrow and two child actors, Renee Shinn Chen and Myca Dinh Le, are killed in an accident involving a helicopter during filming on the California set of Twilight Zone: The Movie.
In 1983, an Air Canada Boeing 767 ran out of fuel while flying; the pilots were able to glide the jetliner to a safe emergency landing. (The near-disaster occurred because the fuel had been measured in pounds instead of kilograms.)
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush announced his choice of Judge David Souter of New Hampshire to succeed the retiring Justice William J. Brennan on the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1999, shuttle Columbia took off with the world’s most powerful X-ray telescope and Eileen Collins, the first woman in charge of a U.S. space flight.