This Day in History | July 28th

On July 28, 1540, King Henry VIII’s chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.

In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.

in 1868, following its ratification by the necessary three-quarters of U.S. states, the 14th Amendment, granting citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including formerly enslaved people—is officially adopted into the U.S. Constitution.

In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

In 1932, federal troops dispersed the World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand payments they weren’t scheduled to receive until 1945.

In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing, which had limited people to one pound of coffee every five weeks since it began in November 1942.

In 2016, Hillary Clinton accepts Democratic nomination for president, becoming first woman to lead a major U.S. political party.

This Day in History | July 27th

On July 27, 1866, Cyrus W. Field finished laying out the first successful underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe (a previous cable in 1858 burned out after a few weeks’ use).

In 1909, during the first official test of the U.S. Army’s first airplane, Orville Wright flew himself and a passenger, Lt. Frank Lahm, above Fort Myer, Virginia, for one hour and 12 minutes.

In 1921, researcher Frederick Banting and his assistant, Charles Best, succeeded in isolating the hormone insulin at the University of Toronto.

In 1953, the Korean War armistice was signed at Panmunjom.

In 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon was nominated as the Republican presidental candidate.

In 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommends that America’s 37th president, Richard M. Nixon, be impeached and removed from office.

in 1976, Tina Turner filed for divorce from her husband Ike, ending their violent 16-year marriage and successful musical partnership.

in 1981, Adam John Walsh, age 6, is abducted from a mall in Hollywood, Florida, and later found murdered. later found murdered.

In 1986, Queen  became the first western act since Louis Armstrong in 1964 to perform in Easten Europe when they played at Budapest’s Nepstadion, Hungary, the gig was filmed and released as ‘Queen Magic in Budapest’.

In 2015, the Boy Scouts of America ended its ban on gay adult leaders while allowing church-sponsored Scout units to maintain the exclusion for religious reasons.

This Day in History | July 26th

On July 26, 1775, the Continental Congress established a Post Office and appointed Benjamin Franklin its Postmaster-General.

In 1788, New York became the 11th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1847, the western African country of Liberia, founded by freed American slaves, declared its independence.

In 1908, U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte ordered creation of a force of special agents, forerunner of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act.

In 2002, the Homeland Security Department was created in the biggest government reorganization in decades.

In 2016, Hillary Clinton became the first woman to be nominated for president by a major political party.

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