On March 25 421, the Venetian Republic was founded. The Venetian Republic was one of the most important and prosperous city-states of the medieval and early modern periods. Its strategic location on the Adriatic Sea made it an important trading hub, and it developed a powerful navy that allowed it to dominate much of the Mediterranean.
In 1306, Robert the Bruce became the King of Scotland. Robert the Bruce was a Scottish nobleman who led the Scottish army to victory over the English at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. He went on to become one of Scotland’s most revered monarchs and is still celebrated as a national hero today.
In 1634, English colonists founded the first settlement in Maryland, USA. The settlement of St. Mary’s City was established by the English as a colonial outpost in what is now the state of Maryland. It was the fourth English colony to be established in North America, after Virginia, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay.
In 1807, the British Parliament abolished the slave trade. The abolition of the slave trade was a major milestone in the long struggle against slavery and the slave trade. The British Empire was one of the largest slave-trading powers in the world, and the abolition of the trade had a profound impact on the global economy.
In 1811, Percy Bysshe Shelley was expelled from the University of Oxford for publishing the pamphlet “The Necessity of Atheism”. Percy Bysshe Shelley was a major figure in the Romantic literary movement and one of the most important poets of his generation.
In 1821, Greece declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire. The Greek War of Independence was a long and bloody struggle against Ottoman rule, and it marked a major turning point in European history. The establishment of an independent Greek state was a significant milestone in the development of modern Greece and the wider Balkan region.
In 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City killed 146 garment workers. The factory was known for its unsafe working conditions and lack of safety measures, and the tragedy led to widespread calls for improved workplace safety laws.
In 1957, the Treaty of Rome was signed, establishing the European Economic Community. The Treaty established the European Economic Community, which would eventually become the European Union, and laid the foundations for closer economic, political, and cultural cooperation among European nations.
In 1965, civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. led a march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. It was organized to protest the discriminatory voting laws that were in place in many Southern states, and it helped to galvanize support for the passage of the Voting Rights Act later that year.
In 1975, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was assassinated by his nephew.