On May 23, 1430, Joan of Arc was captured.

In 1533, the marriage of England’s King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared void by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer.

In 1967, Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping; war broke between Israel and its Arab neighbors the next month.

In 1984, Surgeon General C. Everett Koop issued a report saying there was “very solid” evidence linking cigarette smoke to lung disease in non-smokers. Also: “Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom,” starring Harrison Ford, was released by Paramount Pictures.

In 1994, funeral services were held for former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.