On June 16, 1897, the government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii.

In 1903, Ford Motor Co. was incorporated.

In 1911, IBM had its beginnings as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. which was incorporated in New York State.

In 1963, the world’s first female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, 26, launched into orbit by the Soviet Union, spent 71 hours in flight.

In 1970, Kenneth A. Gibson of Newark, N.J., became the first Black politician elected mayor of a major Northeast city.

In 1999, Thabo Mbeki took the oath as president of South Africa, succeeding Nelson Mandela.

In 2015, Donald Trump launched his successful campaign to become president of the United States.